Difference Between Web Design and Web Development

Even though most people use the terms ‘web development’ and ‘web design,’ interchangeably, the truth is that the 2 are very different processes and each requires a completely different skill set. In this article, we are going to discuss the difference between web design and development;

What is Web Design?
Web design refers to both the visual aesthetics and the usability of a site. It includes the creation of logos, the layout, color scheme, graphics, information flow and everything else that’s related to visual aspects of UX and UI (i.e user experience and user interface). It is mainly concerned with what the users or visitors see on their mobile devices or computers screens, and less about the actual mechanisms that make everything work. Web designers usually use different types of graphics programs such as Corel Draw, Macromedia Fireworks, Adobe Photoshop among others, to create the website’s layout and the other visual aspects of the site.

That said, it’s important to note that many professional web designers are also familiar with JavaScript, HTML, and CSS, but often work with various templating services like Joomla and WordPress, which allows them to create sites using widgets and themes without creating or writing any code.

What is Web Development?
Web development is the process of creating the code which makes the site work. It involves the use of different programming languages to implement various things on the website, from the design to the widgets and interactive features which show up on the site. Web development can be divided into 2 categories, namely; front end development and back end development.

In front end development, the site’s visual design is built in code. HTML is used for the website’s structure, while the CSS dictates the visual styles and layout. In some cases, tools like JavaScript are utilized. For some small sites, front end development might be the only one needed for the project. However, for the more complex projects, back end development will be required.

Back end development deals with advanced interactions and programming on the web pages. It has a huge impact on the way the website works, and how visitors use various functionalities to get things done. Creating web forms, setting up of the database, and factoring in online payment processors are all a part of back end development. Back end can also be utilized to develop new functions for the website from scratch using tools or software packages which can be leveraged to meet the clients’ needs.

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Audrey Powell